By Pamela Adinda
NAIROBI, SEPTEMBER 29, 2023 (CISA)- Fr Dr. Lado Ludovic, SJ, during a recent lecture at the inauguration of Hekima University College’s 40th Academic Year on August 19, 2023, has posited that if theology is to be understood as a human discourse on God who is concerned with the problems of humanity, it must therefore be a praxis for liberation.
Quoting the encounter of Moses with God in the story of the burning bush (Ex.3:6-8), where God admits to seeing the misery of his people in Egypt, has heard their cry, knows their sufferings, and promises to deliver them, Dr. Ludovic noted that many Africans today, especially intellectuals, persist in thinking that Christianity is a religion of others, incapable of helping Africans experience a God who liberates.
He pointed out that violence is one of the recurring problems of humanity, stretching back to the ‘time’ of Cain and Abel. He therefore posed the question: are university programs in theology and peace studies a lasting solution to the epidemic of violence ravaging Africa and the world?
To answer this, and taking into consideration the fact that violence is everywhere, within us, in families, communities, countries, and everywhere else in the world, Dr. Ludovic revisited a key story from the Old Testament, that of the liberation of the people of God from slavery in Egypt.
“If we stick to the religious memory of the people of Israel, which is also the foundation of the religious memory of Christians and Muslims alike, then the image of God that dominates in the Old Testament is that of a God who is not only the creator but also the liberator. Yahweh is a God who cares about human misery and intervenes to free it,” Dr Ludovic explained.
This is because many of them from the 1990s dreamed of a democratic Africa evolving from the ashes of the dictatorships witnessed in the early years after independence, yet the majority of Africans continue to struggle with war, injustice, and irresponsible political regimes of all kinds.
“God did not intervene directly to liberate his people from Egypt; he used men and women like Moses, Miriam, and Joshua. As a theology institution, if we spend our whole lives speculating on the name of God without any opening toward liberation practice then our theology is dubious and I doubt that this kind of theology has a future in Africa,” He argued, adding that the collaboration between Theos and Anthropos, between God and Humanity, is central to liberation praxis.
“From slavery through colonization to the current neo-colonization, the peoples of Africa have been waiting and searching for liberation. As theologians, or as peace students, what do we have to say to them? What are the traces and signs of God’s intervention in our collective history as Africans that we can point at to convince our people that God is journeying with them?” he challenged.
According to the Cameroonian Jesuit priest, having Theology and Peace Studies in the same institution, as is the case at Hekima University College, is not an unholy marriage because the two complement each other well. Just as Theology needs Peace Studies to open itself up to a praxis of liberation, Peace Studies need Theology to properly diagnose the deep source of the multifaceted violence that has been undermining humanity for ages.
“Peace Studies and International Relations cannot be reduced to a set of recipes and tools for reconciling people and communities in situations of war, violence, and conflicts because if it were that simple, there would be no more talk of war in Sudan, Ethiopia, Ukraine, Russia, eastern DRC, western Cameroon, Libya, and so on. Rather there is a need to get back to the fundamental question as to why men and women created in the image of God are violent,” he said.
This, he explained, is where theological concepts such as original sin and redemption, sin and grace, make sense: “Human beings are violent because they are wounded deep within themselves and in need of healing, of salvation, and his violence is more a cry of distress rather than a manifestation of wickedness.”
According to Dr. Ludovic, human violence which is rooted in an ontological wound in human beings, cannot be cured with a few conflict management recipes and toolkits acquired in peace studies programs. Therefore, unless the human being is healed of his ontological wound, violence, wars, and conflicts will continue.
The Jesuit priest warned that a spirituality or a theology that does not lead to good politics or liberation praxis is disembodied; Africa does not need that. Theologies that do not open us up to the problems of our time are dangerous for Africa and the world.
“Each leader, spiritual or political, must find his own Meeting Tent where immanence and transcendence are reconciled, where anthropology and theology converse for an inspired liberation praxis,” he advised.
The second issue that must be considered concerning future theological discourse in Africa is the fact that Christianity in Africa today is almost entirely in the hands of Africans, he said. Unlike in the past, when white missionaries were accused of having imported Western theological discourse into Africa and considered ill-suited to the realities and needs of Africa, everything is in the hands of Africans and they have no excuse.
“We have no one to blame if we don’t do the job; we have no one else to blame if we don’t produce an African Theology that speaks to our reality,” advanced Ludovic.